• YONG-AN LI School of Physics and Electronic Engineering, Xianyang Normal University, Xianyang 712000, Shaanxi
  • JING-QIANG HOU School of Information Engineering, Shaanxi Institute of International Trade & Commerce, Xi’an 712046, Shaanxi


Seventh-order low-pass filter, Cauer filter, Current-mode circuits, Second-generation current-controlled conveyors


After utilizing adjoint network theory, Bruton transform, frequency-dependent negative resistance (FDNR), component replacement method, and frequency and impedance scaling, a seventh-order low-pass Cauer filter from the normalized RLC prototype circuit is converted to the current-mode filter with fc = 15 kHz, fs = 18.78 kHz, Amax = 0.28 dB, and Amin = 60 dB, which includes only six second-generation current-controlled conveyors (CCCⅡs) and grounded capacitors, does not need any matched conditions, and adjusting bias currents of the CCCⅡs can control performances of the filter, The computer simulation has verified the correctness of this design.


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Électronique et transmission de l’information / Electronics & IT